Vehicles subject to compulsory insurance; new types of vehicles, CJEU Case Law and recent developments

The present paper examines the circulation of new types of vehicles, frequently seen in recent years, such as electric scooters, electric bicycles, buggies etc. and the legal status in respect of their use. The main questions occurring are the following:

  • Do the new types of vehicles fall under the scope of “vehicle” within the context of Greek and EU legislation?
  • Are they subject to compulsory insurance of the civil liability of their owner, holder and driver against third parties?
  • Is civil liability of Auxiliary Fund established when the circulation of the vehicle is not covered by insurance?

The article is available in Greek.